Christ in Greek and Messiah in Hebrew means the same thing, that is, “the Anointed One.” If you look at the history of Israel, three types of people could be anointed with holy oil, namely, the king, the high priest, and the prophet.
Anointing Ceremony and its Meaning
Exodus 29:7 Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.
Aaron was anointed in this way to be the high priest. When a person was anointed, the anointing oil was poured on his head during the ceremony. After this ceremony, he could do the work assigned to him as king, or high priest, or a prophet. This anointing ceremony has a significant meaning behind it. Since the person was chosen by God, when the chosen one was anointed, God gave his Spirit to the person so that he can have power to fulfill the mission given to him.
1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the LORD anointed you leader over his inheritance?”…..”The Spirit of the LORD will come upon you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person.” …. As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. When they arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he joined in their prophesying.
When Saul was anointed, he received the power of the Spirit of God given to him to lead and save the Israelites from their enemies around.
Spiritual Fulfillment of Anointing
Just like all the Old Testament regulations, this anointing ceremony has its own reality. This regulation was given to teach us the true “Anointed One” who is coming as King, High Priest, and Prophet which was fulfilled by Jesus by being anointed to work as king, prophet, and high priest. Spiritually Jesus got anointed by baptism and received the Spirit of God.
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.
The moment he got baptized, the heaven opened and the Spirit of God came down upon him like a dove. At this moment he was anointed by God to be the King like David, the Prophet like Moses, and the High Priest like Melchizedek.
Luke 1:31 He will be great and called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David
He was anointed to be spiritual King David, and also,
Acts 3:22 For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you.
He was anointed to be spiritual Prophet Moses, and again,
Hebrews 5:8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.
Here we can see he was anointed to be the High Priest like Melchizedek.
The Second Coming Christ
Therefore, the Christ or the Messiah means God himself coming as man in the flesh and getting anointed to be King to rule over Israel by establishing his kingdom, and to be Prophet to teach the true words of God to his people, and finally to be the High Priest to mediate between God and his people so that people can receive the forgiveness of their sins and to be cleansed from all the impurities.
To fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament, Christ came down to this earth as man in the flesh even though he was God in heaven. The same bible says that he would come again as Christ, that is, as the Anointed One to be anointed again by coming down to this earth in the flesh.
Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people; and he (Christ) will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.
Just as he appeared for the first time as man in the flesh, he will appear a second time as man in the flesh and we call it this as “the Second Coming of Christ.” Many people misunderstand about his second coming and say that he would come with all the spiritual glory of God. But that is not true. The day when God is coming with his spiritual glory is the Day of Judgment, but according to the bible before the Day of Judgment, God must come as man in the flesh again to gather his people and teach them the truth so that they would know the will of God and follow the will of God to be saved on the Day of Judgment.
If God come as judge to make a final judgment for the people of the world, there would be no one to be saved in the last days.
Luke 18:8 I tell you, He will see that they get justice, and quickly. However, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on the earth?
This means when he comes for the second time in the last day, he would not be able to find any faith or anyone who truly believe in God. (ERV) In this situation if Jesus is coming as Judge, who would be saved? No one. That is why he must come as Anointed One for the second time to, establish God’s kingdom, to teach his people, and to mediate between God and his people so people of God who would have no faith in God could be forgiven of their sins and they could return to God so that there would be a reconciliation between God and his people. About this Messiah coming who can bring the reconciliation, Prophet Malachi writes:
Malachi 4:5 See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their children, and the hearts of the children to their parents; or else I will come and strike the land with total destruction.
Without this reconciliation the land which means this earth and everything in it including human beings will be completely destroyed. That is why to save his people for the coming destruction, God must come back now as the prophet like Elijah to teach his people the truth and to bring the hearts of people to God. About his second coming, Jesus testified like this:
John 14:15 If you love me, keep my commands. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate (Counselor) to help you and be with you forever–the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.
The advocate–in original Greek version, Parakletos (παράκλητος) or Counselor–is Jesus himself. This means he is coming as Counselor for the second time. Then what is the purpose of his coming? To make judgment and to bring destruction to the earth?
John 14:26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
What is the purpose of the coming of the Counselor? To teach and remind us of everything Jesus taught us. Then why should he come again and remind us again? It is because we must have forgotten the teachings he gave us so we must learn things one more time. That is why in Luke he said that he would not be able to see any faith on the earth when he comes back again. People would forget the teachings of Christ and have lost faith in him. That is why before the Day of Judgment he would come again to teach us and to remind us his teachings and to restore the faith toward him for the second time.
Through all these prophecies of the bible we can be sure that he would come back again as man in the flesh to teach us and to bring the reconciliation between God and his people. But he already warned that many will not accept him. If Jesus would appear in the full spiritual glory of God, everybody will accept him. But he already foretold that people will not accept him. Then why? Just as people rejected Jesus just because he appeared as man in the flesh even though he was God himself, people will reject him again because he would appear as man in the flesh for the second time. About his second coming Jesus also prophesied:
Luke 17:24 For the Son of Man in his day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other. But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
While teaching about his second coming, Jesus gave this words and he said that he would suffer and be rejected by the people of the generation. If he appears with full glory of God, who would reject Jesus? The reason He should be rejected by people in his second coming is because he is coming as an Anointed One or as man in the flesh for the second time. He must come back again as High Priest Melchizedek, Prophet Elijah, King David.
That is why we must have spiritual eyes through the bible to know the true identity of Christ hidden behind his physical appearance.